Friday, 8 December 2017

Algebraic Expressions:

An algebraic expression is a legal combination of operators and operands. Operand is the quantity on which a mathematical operation is performed. Operand may be a variable like x, y, z or a constant like 5, 4, 6 etc. Operator is a symbol which signifies a mathematical or logical operation between the operands. Examples of familiar operators include +, -, *, /, ^ etc. An algebraic expression can be represented using three different notations. They are infix, postfix and prefix notations:

Infix: It is the form of an arithmetic expression in which we fix (place) the arithmetic operator in between the two operands.
Example: (A + B) * (C - D)

Prefix: It is the form of an arithmetic notation in which we fix (place) the arithmetic operator before (pre) its two operands. The prefix notation is called as polish notation
Example: * + A B – C D

Postfix: It is the form of an arithmetic expression in which we fix (place) the arithmetic operator after (post) its two operands. The postfix notation is called as suffix notation and is also referred to reverse polish notation.
Example: A B + C D - *

The three important features of postfix expression are:
1. The operands maintain the same order as in the equivalent infix expression.
2. The parentheses are not needed to designate the expression un-ambiguously.
3. While evaluating the postfix expression the priority of the operators is no longer relevant.
We consider five binary operations: +, -, *, / and $ or ↑ (exponentiation). For these binary operations, the following in the order of precedence (highest to lowest).
1. $ or ↑ or ^ ( Highest)
2. *, /   (Next highest )
3. +, - (Lowest )


Thanks
Mukesh Rajput

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Thanks
Mukesh Rajput